Below are resources to learn more about dental therapy and oral health equity. To view/download, click on the hyperlinks.


Employer Reported Dental Therapist Compensation in Minnesota, Feature (2023)

Dental Therapists in the United States, Healthforce Center, University of California, San Francisco, Mertz et al (2021)

In Defense of Dental Therapy: An Evidence Based Workforce Approach to Improving Access to Care, Journal of Dental Education (2019)

In Alaska, Dental Therapists Seen as Helping to Improve Oral Health, The Pew Charitable Trusts by Jane Koppelman (2019)

Commentary: One change to dental care that could change lives, money, Chicago Tribune, Author: Grover Norquist & Don Berwick (2018)

Dental Therapy: Expanding Access to Oral Health Care, Community Catalyst 

Dental Practitioner's Perceptions of Underserved and Un-served Patients' Barriers to Oral Health Care, Dental Health: Current Research (2017)

Dental Therapy Increases Access in Rural Minnesota, Amherst H. Wilder Foundation (2017)

Indian Country Leads National Movement to Knock Down Barriers to Oral Health Equity, Public Health Practice (2017)

Mental Health Is Health: Depression and Oral Health, TRICARE Communications (2024)

Swinomish Tribe Skagit Valley College Partner on New Dental Therapy Program, Seattle Times (2022)

The Economic Benefits of Dental Therapists, Americans for Prosperity Kansas (2012) 

Undoing structural racism in dentistry: Advocacy for dental therapy, Journal of Public Health Dentistry (2021), Authored by Tera Bianchi, MSW, Kasey Wilson, MSW, and Albert Yee, MD, MPH 

Who is the Dental Board Serving? RDH (2023) 


Fact Sheets

Dental Therapy 101 

Roles & Functions of Oral Health Team

Why Oral Health Matters


Legislative Resources

Comparison of Existing State Dental Therapy Laws

Dental Therapy Scope of Practice Chart 


Policy Statement

Support for the Alaska Dental Health Aide Therapist and Other Innovative Programs, American Public Health Association (2006)



A Review of the Global Literature of Dental Therapists, W.K. Kellogg Foundation (2012)

American Indian and Alaska Native Communities Face A 'Disproportionate Burden of Oral Disease' Reversing Inequities Involves Challenges and Opportunities, CareQuest Institute for Oral Health, Inc. (April 2023)

Best Practice Approach: Early Childhood Caries: Prevention and Management, ASTDD, CareQuest Institute for Oral Health, OHRC (2023)

The Contributions of Dental Therapists and Advanced Dental Therapists in the Dental Centers of Apple Tree Dental in Minnesota, Center for Health Workforce Studies (2020)

Dental therapists: a global perspective, International Dental Journal, Authors: David A. Nash, Jay W. Friedman, Thomas B. Kardos, Rosemary L. Kardos, Eli Schwarz, Julie Satur, Darren G. Berg, Jaafar Nasruddin, Elifuraha G. Mumghamba, Elizabeth S. Davenport, and Ron Nagel (2008)

Dental pain as social injustice: a Rawlsian perspective, Critical Public Health, Authors: Jamie Moeller & Carlos Quiñonez (2019)

Dental Therapy in the United States, Medical Care, Authors: Elizabeth Mertz, PhD, Aubri Kottek, MPH, Miranda Werts, BA, Margaret Langelier, MSHSA, Simona Surdu, MD, PhD, and Jean Moore DrPH, FAAN (2021) 

Dental therapists Linked to Improved Dental Outcomes for Alaska Native Communities in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Journal of Public Health Dentistry (2018)

Dental Depression Screening Demonstration Project, IHS Division of Oral Health (2024)

Depression Screenings in Dental Programs, Indian Health Service (2024)

Grand Marais Family Dentistry: Dental Therapist Case Study, Wilder Research, Amherst Wilder Foundation (2017)

Economic Viability of Dental Therapists, Community Catalyst (2013)

Improving Oral Health Care Services in Rural America, National Advisory Committee on Rural Health & Human Services (2018)

Main Barriers to Getting Needed Dental Care All Relate to Affordability, Health Policy Institute, American Dental Association, Authors: Niodita Gupta, MD, MPH, PhD & Marko Vujicic, PhD (2019)

Michigan Dental Therapy Report Summary, MPCA, Wingspan Research, LLC (2022). 

Midwest Dental: Dental Therapist Case Study, Wilder Research, Amherst Wilder Foundation (2017)

Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General, Department of Health & Human Services (2000)

Oral Health in America Advances & Challenges, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (2021)

Oral Health Policy and Improvement Strategies in Oklahoma, Frontiers in Oral Health, Authored by: Michelle Dennison & Julie Seward (2022)

Provider and Patient Satisfaction with the Dental Therapy Workforce at Apple Tree Dental, Oral Health Workforce Research Center (May 2022)

For Want of A Dentist, The Rise of the Dental Therapy Movement in Tribal Nations and the U.S., Lessons from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation by Wendell Potter (2021)

The Reform that can Increase Dental Access and Affordability in Arizona, Texas Public Policy Foundation, Goldwater Institute 

Saskatchewan's school-based dental program staffed by dental therapists: a retrospective case study, Journal of Public Health Dentistry, Kavita R. Mathu-Muju, DMD, MPH, Jay W. Friedman, DDS, MPH, David A. Nash, DMD, MS, EdD (2016)

Supporting Dental Therapy through Title VII Training Programs, A Meaningful Strategy for Implementing Equitable Oral Health Care, Health Resources & Services Administration (2022)

Tribal Oral Health Assessment Results, National Indian Health Board Tribal Oral Health Initiative (2018) 



CareQuest Institute: The Non-Invasive Caries Therapy Guide, CareQuest Institute for Oral Health (2023) 

Dental Therapy Timeline, The Pew Charitable Trusts (2020)

Emergency Department Visits for Dental Conditions - A Snapshot, Health Policy Institute, The American Dental Association (Published April 2020)

MDHA Timeline, Maine Dental Hygienists' Association

Variation in Dental Hygiene Scope of Practice by State, Oral Health Workforce Research Center (2019)

What is Dental Therapy?, American Dental Therapy Association (2023)



Accreditation Standards for Dental Therapy Education Programs, Commission on Dental Accreditation (2022)

Dental Therapy Advocacy: Community Engagement Guide, Community Catalyst (2020)

Dental Therapy Toolkit, Minnesota Department of Health (2017)

Dental Therapy Startup Guide for Tribal Leaders, National Indian Health Board's Tribal Oral Health Initiative 

Dental Patient Medical History Screening Form

Expanding the Oral Health Workforce, A Dental Therapy Toolkit for Oklahoma, Native Oral Health Network (2022)

Integrating Dental Therapists and Pediatric Services - Case Study Summaries and Best Practices, Prepared for the Pew Charitable Trusts Dental Campaign by Mark Schoenbaum, MSW (2019)

Michigan Dental Access, Dental Therapy in Michigan

Minnesota's Dental Therapist Workforce, Minnesota Department of Health Office of Rural Health & Primary Care (2019)

Model Dental Therapist Rule, The National Model Dental Therapy Rule Panel (2022)

National Model Act for Licensing or Certification of Dental Therapists, National Dental Therapy Standards Consortium (2019)

Oral Health Policy Equity Tool, Community Catalyst 

Patient Health Questionnaire Form

Tribal Dental Therapy Legislation in the United States, National Indian Health Board

Water Fluoridation Data & Statistics, CDC



Why Oral Health Care Is the Way It Is, American Medical Association Journal of Ethics (2022) 



A Smart Solution to Washington's Dental Health Care Crisis, Children's Alliance 

Dental Health Aide Therapy Video, National Indian Health Board



ADTA On-Demand Webinars (Free to ADTA Members)

Optimize Dental Teams with Dental Therapists